Knee Replacement Surgery in Delhi & Gurgaon
The main reason why people experience pain and discomfort and have to go for knee replacement surgery is Osteoarthritis. The age-related condition is very common and occurs when cartilage -- the cushion between the knee and the bone joints -- breaks down. Knee replacement surgery also known as Knee Arthroplasty can help relieve pain and restore function in diseased knee joints. The procedure involves cutting and removal of damaged part of the bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone and kneecap and replacing it with an artificial joint (prosthesis) made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.
First the orthopedic surgeon will assess your knee's range of motion, strength and stability. An X-ray will be taken to determine the extent of damage. Your doctor will choose from a variety of knee replacement prostheses and surgical techniques, considering your age, weight, activity level and overall health.
Causes of Knee Replacement Surgery
§ Older age
§ Previous traumatic joint injury/overuse of joints
§ Joint deformity
Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
§ Pain in and around the joint
§ Difficulty in squatting and sitting crossed leg
§ Difficulty in negotiating stairs
§ Deformities of the joint
§ Inability to walk for long distances
§ Joint swelling
§ Decreased movement of the joint
Types of Surgery
There are four major types of knee replacement surgery:
Total knee replacement: This is the most common form. Your surgeon replaces the surfaces of the thigh bone and shin bone that connects to the knee.
Partial knee replacement: If arthritis affects only one side of your knee, this surgery may be a possibility. However, it’s only right for you if you have strong knee ligaments. Partial knee replacement can be performed through a smaller cut than is needed for total knee replacement.
Kneecap replacement: This replaces only the under-surface of the kneecap, but some surgeons advise against this procedure, because total knee replacement surgery has a higher rate of success.
Complex (or revision) knee replacement: This procedure may be needed if you have very severe arthritis or if you’ve already had two or three knee replacement surgeries.
Three to six weeks after surgery, you generally can resume most daily activities, such as shopping and light housekeeping. Driving is also possible at around three weeks if you can bend your knee far enough to sit in a car, if you have enough muscle control to operate the brakes and accelerator, and if you're not still taking narcotic pain medications. But you should avoid higher impact activities — such as jogging, tennis and sports that involve contact or jumping. Talk to your doctor about your limitations.
For most people, knee replacement provides pain relief, improved mobility and a better quality of life. And most knee replacements can be expected to last more than 15 years.